This volume presents the proceedings of the second conference on rabies organized by the World Organisation for Animal Health in collaboration with the World Health Organization and the European Union in May 2007. Up-to-date information on rabies epidemiology in humans and animals throughout Europe, The Middle East and Asia, and the most recent data on rabies virus and its structure, as well as the basic mechanisms of rabies infection are included here. Experts in the field present their experience and opinions on the prevention and control of rabies in dogs, wildlife including bats, and the most recent developments in rabies prevention and management in humans. Further presentations address advances in technology, diagnosis and vaccine development. To conclude, resolutions and recommendations are given in English, French and Russian for the elimination of rabies not only in Europe and Asia, but also the rest of the world. This book is highly valuable to regulatory veterinary services, public health services, medical and veterinary practitioners, scientists and researchers interested in combating this neglected disease, which kills more than 50, 000 persons annually, mainly children. Rabies elimination is at hand, through a 'One Health' strategic collaboration between veterinary and human health authorities, political will and community involvement, and application of the knowledge gained from this volume.